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Hanlon, C., Luitel, N.P., Kathree, T., Murhar, V., Shrivasta, S., et al. (2013). Challenges and Opportunities for Implementing Integrated Mental Health Care: A District Level Situation Analysis from Five Low- and Middle-Income Countries. PLoS ONE 2014, 9(2): e88437.

Abstract Background: Little is known about how to tailor implementation of mental health services in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to the diverse settings encountered within and between countries. In this paper we compare the baseline context, challenges and opportunities in districts in five LMICs (Ethiopia, India, Nepal, South Africa and Uganda) participating in the […]

Betancourt, T. S., Borisova, I., Williams, T. P., Meyers-Ohki, S. E., Rubin-Smith, J. E., Annan, J., & Kohrt, B. A. (2013). Research Review: Psychosocial adjustment and mental health in former child soldiers – a systematic review of the literature and recommendations for future research. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 54(1), 17-36.

Abstract Aims and scope: This article reviews the available quantitative research on psychosocial adjustment and mental health among children (age Methods: PRISMA standards for systematic reviews were used to search PubMed, PsycInfo, JSTOR, and Sociological Abstracts in February 2012 for all articles on former child soldiers and CAAFAG. Twenty-one quantitative studies from 10 countries were […]

Jordans, M.J.D., Luitel, N.P., Tomlinson, M., and Komproe, I.H. (2013). Setting priorities for mental health care in Nepal: a formative study. BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:332.

Abstract Background: There is an urgent need to address the massive treatment gap for mental health problems, especially in low income settings. Packages of care integrated in routine primary health care are posited as a strategy to scale-up mental health care, yet more needs to be known about the most feasible and effective way to […]

Luitel, N.P., Jordans, M.J.D., Murphy, A., Roberts, B., McCambridge, J. (2013). Prevalence and Patterns of Hazardous and Harmful Alcohol Consumption Assessed Using the AUDIT among Bhutanese Refugees in Nepal. Alcohol and Alcoholism Vol. 0, No. 0, pp. 1–7

Abstract Aims: This study sought to ascertain the prevalence of hazardous and harmful alcohol consumption among Bhutanese refugees in Nepal and to identify predictors of elevated risk in order to better understand intervention need. Methods: Hazardous and harmful alcohol consumption was assessed using the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) administered in a face to-face […]

Kohrt, B.A., Hruschka, D.J., Worthman, C.M., Kunz, R.D., Baldwin, J.L., Upadhaya, N., Acharya, N.R., Koirala, R., Thapa, S., Tol, W.A., Jordans, M.J.D., Robkin, N., Sharma, V.D., Nepal, M.K. (2012). Political violence and mental health in Nepal: prospective study. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 201(4), 268-275.

Abstract Background: Post-conflict mental health studies in low-income countries have lacked pre-conflict data to evaluate changes in psychiatric morbidity resulting from political violence. Aims: This prospective study compares mental health before and after exposure to direct political violence during the People’s War in Nepal. Method: An adult cohort completed the Beck Depression Inventory and Beck […]

Jordans, M.J.D., Tol, W.A., Susanty, D., Ntamatumba, P., Luitel, N.P., et al. (2013). Implementation of a Mental Health Care Package for Children in Areas of Armed Conflict: A Case Study from Burundi, Indonesia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Sudan. PLoS Medicines 10(1): e1001371.

This case study is part of the PLOS Medicine series on Global Mental Health Practice. Summary Points In the absence of existing mental health services, a newly developed community-based psychosocial and mental health care package for children was implemented and evaluated in five conflict-affected countries: Burundi, Indonesia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Sudan. Routine monitoring and […]

Semrau, M., Van Ommeren, M., Blagescu, M., Griekspoor, A., Howard, L.M., Jordans, M.J.D., Lempp, H., Marini, A., Pedersen, J., Pilott e, I., Slade, M. & Thornicroft , G. (2012). The Development and Psychometric Properties of the Humanitarian Emergency Sett ings Perceived Needs (HESPER) Scale. American Journal of Public Health, 102, 10, 55-63.

Abstract Objectives: We developed the Humanitarian Emergency Settings Perceived Needs (HESPER) Scale, a valid and reliable scale to rapidly assess perceived needs of populations in humanitarian settings in low- and middle-income countries. Methods: We generated items through a literature review; reduced the number of items on the basis of a survey with humanitarian experts; pilot-tested […]

Kohrt B.A., Jordans M.J.D., Tol, W.A., Perera, E., Karki, R., Koirala, S., Upadhaya, N. (2010). Social ecology of child soldiers: child, family, and community determinants of mental health, psychosocial well-being, and reintegration in Nepal. Transcult Psychiatry, 47(5), 27-53.

Abstract This study employed a social ecology framework to evaluate psychosocial well-being in a cross-sectional sample of 142 former child soldiers in Nepal. Outcome measures included the Depression Self Rating Scale (DSRS), Child Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Scale (CPSS), and locally developed measures of functional impairment and reintegration. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to examine […]

Jordans, M.J.D., Komproe, I. H., Tol, W.A., Kohrt, B.K. Luitel, N. P., Macy, R. D., and de Jong, J. (2010). Evaluation of a classroom-based psychosocial intervention in conflict-affected Nepal: A cluster randomized controlled trial. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51:7 (2010), pp 818–826

Abstract BACKGROUND: In situations of ongoing violence, childhood psychosocial and mental health problems require care. However, resources and evidence for adequate interventions are scarce for children in low- and middle-income countries. This study evaluated a school-based psychosocial intervention in conflict-affected, rural Nepal. METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial was used to evaluate changes on a […]

Jordans, M.J.D., Semrau, M., Thornicroft , G. & van Ommeren, M. (2012). The role of perceived needs in explaining the association between trauma exposure and distress in humanitarian sett ings in Haiti, Jordan and Nepal. British Journal of Psychiatry, 201, 276-281.

Abstract Background: Attention is increasingly shifting towards the role of daily stressors in explaining mental health outcomes in humanitarian emergencies. Aims: To assess the role of current perceived needs in explaining the association between past traumatic exposure and distress in humanitarian settings. Method: A series of mediator analyses were conducted, using data from Jordan (displaced […]