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Kohrt, B.A., Jordans, M.J.D., Tol, W.A., Speckman, R.A., Maharjan, S.M., Worthman, C.M. and Komproe, I.H (2008). Comparison of Mental Health Between Former Child Soldiers and Children Never Conscripted by Armed Groups in Nepal, JAMA, 300 (6), 691-702.

Abstract Context: Former child soldiers are considered in need of special mental health interventions. However, there is a lack of studies investigating the mental health of child soldiers compared with civilian children in armed conflicts. Objective: To compare the mental health status of former child soldiers with that of children who have never been conscripts […]

Jordans, M.J.D., Upadhaya, N. Tol, W.A.; Shrestha, P., et al. (2010). Introducing the IASC Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Guidelines in Emergencies in Nepal: a process description, Intervention, 8(1), 52–63.

Abstract A rich set of reflections on experiences with the Inter-Agency Standing Committee Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Guidelines in Emergency Settings has recently been published in this journal. This paper describes a case study of using the guidelines in Nepal, which focused primarily on detailed implementation of preparatory steps. In effect, it describes a […]

Lund, C., Tomlinson, M., De Silva, M., Fekadu, A., Shidhaye, R., Jordans, M.J.D., Petersen, I., Bhana, A., Kigozi, F., Prince, M., Thornicroft G., Hanlon, C., Kakuma, R., McDaid, D., Saxena, S., Chisholm, S., Raja, S., Kippen-Wood, S., Honikman, S., Fairall, L. & Vikram Patel. (2012). PRIME: A programme to reduce the treatment gap for mental disorders in five low and middle-income countries. PLoS Medicine. e1001359

Abstract Objectives: We developed the Humanitarian Emergency Settings Perceived Needs (HESPER) Scale, a valid and reliable scale to rapidly assess perceived needs of populations in humanitarian settings in low- and middle-income countries. Methods: We generated items through a literature review; reduced the number of items on the basis of a survey with humanitarian experts; pilot-tested […]

Jordans, M.J.D., Luitel, N.P., Poudyal, B., Tol, W.A., Komproe, I.H. (2012). Evaluation of a brief training on mental health and psychosocial support in emergencies: a pre- and post assessment in Nepal. Prehospitial Disaster Medicine 27(3):1-4.

Abstract INTRODUCTION: A principal strategy for the integration of mental health and psychosocial support in emergency settings is the training of front-line workers in international consensus-based guidelines. AIM: This paper presents a pilot study evaluating changes in knowledge and understanding as a result of a brief training course in Nepal. METHOD: Evaluation questionnaires were distributed […]

Kohrt, B. (2013). Social ecology interventions for post-traumatic stress disorder: what can we learn from child soldiers?, British Journal of Psychiatry, 203, 165-167.

Abstract Research with child soldiers is crucial to improving mental health services after war. This research also can illuminate innovative approaches to treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among adult soldiers, veterans and other trauma survivors in high-income countries. A key contribution is the role of social ecology for trauma-healing interventions.

Wietse A. Tol, W.A., Kohrt, B.A., Jordans, M.J.D., Thapa, S.B.,Pettigrew, J.,Upadhaya, N. and de Jong, J. (2010). Political violence and mental health: A multi-disciplinary review of the literature on Nepal, Social Science & Medicine, 70 (1), 35–44.

Abstract Implementation of current international consensus guidelines regarding mental health and psychosocial support in emergencies requires the consideration of findings from both the medical and social sciences. This paper presents a multi-disciplinary review of reported findings regarding the relations between political violence, mental health and psychosocial wellbeing in Nepal. A systematic search of six databases […]

Kohrt, B.A., Jordans, M.J.D., Tol, W.A., Luitel, N.P., Maharjan, S.M., and Upadhaya, N. (2011). Validation of cross-cultural child mental health and psychosocial research instruments: adapting the Depression Self-Rating Scale and Child PTSD Symptom Scale in Nepal. BMC Psychiatry, 11:127.

Abstract BACKGROUND: The lack of culturally adapted and validated instruments for child mental health and psychosocial support in low and middle-income countries is a barrier to assessing prevalence of mental health problems, evaluating interventions, and determining program cost-effectiveness. Alternative procedures are needed to validate instruments in these settings. METHODS: Six criteria are proposed to evaluate […]

Luitel, N.P., Jordans, M.J.D. et al. (2013). Conflict and mental health – Cross sectional epidemiological study in Nepal. Social Psychiatry Psychiatric Epidemiology 2013, 48:183–193.

Abstract Purpose: The aim of this epidemiological study was to identify prevalence rates of mental health problems, factors associated with poor mental health and protective and risk factors in a post-conflict situation in Nepal. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 720 adults in 2008. A three-stage sampling procedure was used following a proportionate stratified […]

Jordans, M.J.D., Luitel, N.P., Poudyal, B., Tol, W.A. & Komproe, I.H. (2012). Evaluation of a brief training on mental health and psychosocial support in emergencies: a pre and post assessment in Nepal. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 27 (3), 235-238.

Abstract Introduction:  A principal strategy for the integration of mental health and psychosocial support in emergency settings is the training of front-line workers in international consensus-based guidelines. Aim: This paper presents a pilot study evaluating changes in knowledge and understanding as a result of a brief training course in Nepal. Method: Evaluation questionnaires were distributed […]

Hanlon, C., Luitel, N.P., Kathree, T., Murhar, V., Shrivasta, S., et al. (2013). Challenges and Opportunities for Implementing Integrated Mental Health Care: A District Level Situation Analysis from Five Low- and Middle-Income Countries. PLoS ONE 2014, 9(2): e88437.

Abstract Background: Little is known about how to tailor implementation of mental health services in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to the diverse settings encountered within and between countries. In this paper we compare the baseline context, challenges and opportunities in districts in five LMICs (Ethiopia, India, Nepal, South Africa and Uganda) participating in the […]